Garden City - Dog Bite LawsFor dog bite laws that are relevant to the ownership and control of a dog in Garden City, Idaho see below.  Garden City, Idaho dog bite laws are as follows. Please check the following link to city ordinances for any updates or changes to the laws: (http://www.codepublishing.com/ID/GardenCity/#!/GardenCity04/GardenCity0405.html) Title 4, Chapter 5, Animal Control):

ANIMAL:
Any mammalian animal, poultry, bird, reptile, fish or other dumb creature or animate being having the power of voluntary motion. Cats by nature of their breed are a free roaming domestic animal and cannot, under normal circumstances, be confined to their owners’ premises. They are therefore specifically excluded from the definition of animal for purposes of this chapter.

AT LARGE:
Any animal off the property of his owner and not under the control of the owner or of a competent person, either by leash, cord, chain or other means of physical restraint.

DOG:
An animal of the canine family, both male and female.
NUISANCE:
Anything which is injurious to health or morals or is indecent or offensive to the senses; or an obstruction to the free use of property so as to interfere with the comfortable enjoyment of life or property; or unlawfully obstructs the free passage or use, in the customary manner, of any navigable lake, river, stream, canal or basin, or any public park, square, street or highway.

PUBLIC NUISANCE:
One which affects at the same time an entire community or neighborhood or any considerable number of persons, although the extent of the annoyance or damage inflicted upon individuals may be unequal.

VICIOUS ANIMAL:
Any animal that attacks, bites, attempts to bite, harasses passersby or in any way poses a threat to the public.

Dog License and Tags Required

  1. Licenses: It shall be unlawful for any person to own, harbor or possess a dog over the age of six (6) months within the city limits without first procuring a license therefor as provided by this chapter; provided, however, that provisions of this chapter shall not apply to any person visiting in the city for a period not exceeding thirty (30) days, and owning or possessing a dog, if such dog is:
  2. Currently licensed and bearing the license issued by another governmental unit, or
  3. If such person possessing the dog is a permanent resident of a governmental unit where no license is required.
  4. Impoundment: Any dog not licensed as provided in this section shall be impounded.
  5. Collar And Tag Required: Every dog over the age of six (6) months shall at all times wear a substantial and durable collar to which shall be securely attached the required license tag. Any dog over the age of six (6) months found off of the premises of its owner without said collar and tag shall be impounded. It shall be unlawful for anyone to remove a collar and/or tag from another person’s dog.

Prohibited Acts and Conditions

  1. Animals Running At Large: It shall be unlawful for any owner or his agent:
  2. To allow or permit any dog, whether licensed or not, to be or remain upon the streets or alleys of the city or in any public place in the city or off the owner’s premises without the consent of the person in possession of such other premises, unless such dog shall be in the charge of a competent person and controlled by a leash not exceeding ten feet (10’) in length. A violation of this subsection is an infraction punishable as provided in section 18-113A, Idaho Code.
  3. To allow any animal to be raised, kept or maintained within the city limits unless raised, kept or maintained in buildings, sheds, pens or other fenced enclosures or restrained to the owner’s property.
  4. If any animal is found running at large, the animal control officer may, if he desires, return the animal to its rightful owner, if known, and the owner shall pay a fee for any animal returned instead of the animal being impounded as provided in this chapter.
  5. To allow any horse, bovine, sheep, goat, hog, domestic fowl or any livestock species or fowl to roam or run at large in the city, or to cause or permit such animal to be pastured, herded, staked or tied in any street or alley or other public place.
  6. Female Dogs In Heat: It shall be unlawful for any person to allow a female dog when in heat to be exposed in such a manner as to attract other dogs to her or cause attacks to such female, thereby creating a nuisance.
  7. Cruelty To Animals: It shall be unlawful for any person to allow fighting, torturing, beating, starving or other mistreatment of any animal in his care or charge, whether belonging to himself or any other person. Any animal so treated may be impounded for its protection and disposition.
  8. Teasing Or Tormenting Animals: It shall be unlawful for any person to tease or torment any animal. It shall be unlawful for any parent to allow or permit his minor child to tease or torment any animal.
  9. Abandonment: It shall be unlawful for any owner of an animal or his agent to abandon such animal within the city limits. Abandonment means the desertion of said animal for more than thirty six (36) hours.
  10. Vicious Animals: The owner shall confine within a building or secure enclosure, every fierce, dangerous or vicious dog, and not take such dog out of such building or secure enclosure unless such dog is securely muzzled. Such buildings or enclosures shall have warning signs posted.
  11. Herding Animals: It shall be unlawful for anyone to herd or drive any animal through the streets of the city without having said animal under control by means of rope, strap or other device by which it may be led, unless such animal being driven is in harness or hauled. It is hereby made and shall be the duty of the animal control officer to seize and impound any and all animals running at large or herded without said control within the city limits; provided, however, that this subsection shall not be construed as prohibiting the transfer of said animals from one pasture to another, but those so transferring said animals through the city shall be liable to property owners for all damages done to their property by such animals while being transferred, whether or not such damage is caused by negligence of the owner or his agents.
  12. Driving Or Riding Animals: No person shall lead, drive or ride any animal, except for dogs and cats, across or upon any sidewalk, parkway or public parking area, or over or across any public park, except upon roadways, trails or areas designated for such use.
  13. Animals Confined In Vehicles: It shall be unlawful for any person to leave any animal confined in a motor vehicle without adequate ventilation. In the event that any animal is so confined, authority is given to the animal control officer, any humane officer, or any city officer to enter such vehicle by whatever force is necessary to release the animal, without liability upon the city or any person for resulting damage.
  14. Interference With Animal Control Officer: It shall be unlawful for any person to hinder, molest or in any way interfere with the animal control officer or any person authorized and acting through him, while he is lawfully engaged in the performance of his duties pursuant to the ordinances of the city.
  15. Animals Causing Injury Or Property Damage: Anyone owning or harboring any animal which causes injury or damage to another person or another person’s property shall be civilly liable for payment of all such damages.
  16. Livestock Prohibited Within The City Limits: Except as allowed by applicable zoning regulations, it shall be unlawful for any person to stable, keep, pasture or maintain within the city limits any livestock, domestic fowl or any animal of a wild or nondomestic species; however, any livestock or domestic fowl present prior to the effective date hereof may remain. If, however, the property where such animals have been kept becomes vacant and remains so for one year’s time, no more animals will be allowed.

Nuisance Conditions

  1. Any person who shall permit an animal which is owned, harbored, controlled or kept by the said person to do any of the following acts on two (2) or more occasions within the period of six (6) months shall be creating a public nuisance, and the animal shall be impounded as permitted by this chapter:
  2. Bite or attempt to bite any person.
  3. Scatter garbage, refuse or debris.
  4. Deposit fecal material on any property other than on the property of its owner or custodian.
  5. Repeatedly or continuously bark, howl or otherwise cause noise which disturbs or is likely to disturb the peace and quiet of any neighborhood. Such repeated or continuous barking or howling or other noise must be confirmed by other neighbors and/or the animal control officer. (Ord. 567, 4-9-1991)
  6. Molest passersby, chase vehicles, habitually attack other domestic animals, trespass upon public or private property to the damage of such property or in any way interfere with the free use or comfortable enjoyment of property.
  7. It shall be unlawful to allow any of the following to occur:
  8. To fail to exercise proper care and control of an animal to prevent it from becoming a public nuisance.
  9. To fail to provide an animal with sufficient good and wholesome food and water, proper shelter and protection from the weather, veterinary care when needed to prevent suffering and with humane care and treatment.
  10. No agricultural operation or any appurtenance to it shall be or become a nuisance, private or public, by any changed conditions in or about the surrounding nonagricultural activities after the same has been in operation for more than one year, when the operation was not a nuisance at the time same began; provided, that the provisions of this subsection shall not apply whenever a nuisance results from the improper or negligent operation of any agricultural operation or any appurtenance to it.

Animal Bites; Rabies Control Measures

  1. The owner or other person in custody or control of any animal which bites a human being shall immediately notify the animal control officer of the bite by giving the name and address of the person bitten, if known to him, and shall faithfully obey any quarantine instructions given by the animal control officer or any public health officer. Failure to obey such quarantine instructions is cause for impoundment of the animal for the quarantine period of ten (10) days.
  2. The animal control officer or the city shall have the authority to order the owner of any animal which has bitten any person in such a manner so as to cause an abrasion of the skin to subject such animal to a private veterinarian or to the city shelter for quarantine for a period of ten (10) days. If such animal is quarantined in the city shelter and determined to be free of rabies, the same shall be returned to the owner upon payment of boarding fees for each day that the animal has been impounded, plus costs for administration of distemper vaccine. No other fee shall be charged. If such fee is not paid, the animal shall be subject to disposal after proper notice is given to the owner, provided that the owner can be located.

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